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Methyl chloroacetate

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Methyl chloroacetate Basic information
Methyl chloroacetate Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:-33 °C
  • Boiling point:130 °C740 mm Hg(lit.)
  • Density 1.238 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
  • vapor density 3.8 (vs air)
  • vapor pressure 10 mm Hg ( 25 °C)
  • refractive index n20/D 1.422(lit.)
  • Flash point:125 °F
  • storage temp. Flammables area
  • solubility 51.6g/l (slow decomposition)
  • form Liquid
  • color Clear colorless
  • PH4.6 (28g/l, H2O, 20℃)
  • explosive limit4.6-18.5%(V)
  • Water Solubility 28 g/L (20 ºC)
  • Merck 14,6042
  • BRN 506255
  • CAS DataBase Reference96-34-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST Chemistry ReferenceAcetic acid, chloro-, methyl ester(96-34-4)
  • EPA Substance Registry SystemAcetic acid, 2-chloro-, methyl ester (96-34-4)
Safety Information
Methyl chloroacetate Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical PropertiesCLEAR COLOURLESS LIQUID
  • UsesAs solvent.
  • General DescriptionA crystalline solid or a solid dissolved in a liquid. Insoluble in water and denser than water. Contact may slightly irritate skin, eyes and mucous membranes. May be slightly toxic by ingestion. Used to make other chemicals.
  • Air & Water ReactionsHighly flammable. Insoluble in water.
  • Reactivity ProfileMethyl chloroacetate is a halogenated ester. Esters react with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Heat is also generated by the interaction of esters with caustic solutions. Flammable hydrogen is generated by mixing esters with alkali metals and hydrides.
  • HazardToxic by ingestion and inhalation.
  • Health HazardExtremely corrosive to the eyes, skin, nose, throat, and upper respiratory tract. Inhalation may be fatal as a result of spasm, inflammation and edema of the larynx and bronchi, chemical pneumonitis, and pulmonary edema. Symptoms of exposure include burning sensation, coughing, wheezing, laryngitis, shortness of breath, headache, nausea, and vomiting.
  • Fire HazardSpecial Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic fumes of hydrogen chloride
  • Safety ProfilePoison by ingestion. Moderately toxic by inhalation and subcutaneous routes. Flammable when exposed to heat or flame; can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-.
  • Purification MethodsShake the ester with saturated aqueous Na2CO3 (three times), aqueous 50% CaCl2 (three times), saturated aqueous NaCl (twice), dry (Na2SO4) and fractionally distil it. Very toxic. [Beilstein 2 IV 480.]
Methyl chloroacetate Preparation Products And Raw materials
Methyl chloroacetate(96-34-4)Related Product Information
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