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Sodium chloroacetate

Basic information Stability and Reactivity: HUMAN USE AND EXPERIENCE Metabolism/Pharmacokinetics Safety Related Supplier
Sodium chloroacetate Basic information
Sodium chloroacetate Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:199 °C (dec.)(lit.)
  • Flash point:270°C
  • storage temp. -20°C
  • solubility 820g/l
  • form Crystalline Powder
  • color White
  • PH4.5-9.0 (50g/l, H2O, 20℃)
  • Water Solubility 440 g/L (20 ºC)
  • Sensitive Hygroscopic
  • Merck 14,2112
  • BRN 3597157
  • Stability:Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
  • CAS DataBase Reference3926-62-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • EPA Substance Registry SystemSodium chloroacetate (3926-62-3)
Safety Information
  • Hazard Codes T,N
  • Risk Statements 25-38-50-36
  • Safety Statements 22-37-45-61-26
  • RIDADR UN 2659 6.1/PG 3
  • WGK Germany 2
  • RTECS AG1400000
  • TSCA Yes
  • HazardClass 6.1
  • PackingGroup III
  • HS Code 29154000
  • ToxicityLD50 orally in Rabbit: 95 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rat > 2000 mg/kg
MSDS
Sodium chloroacetate Usage And Synthesis
  • Stability and Reactivity:Sodium chloroacetate is stable at normal temperatures and  pressures. Incompatible with oxidizing agents, reducing  agents.
  • HUMAN USE AND EXPERIENCEThere are a number of case studies of the parent compound,  monochloroacetic acid (MCA), involving corrosion of skin and  eyes and fatalities related to skin absorption of toxicologically  significant amounts of MCA and a health-based target  concentration of 0.1 mg/L was calculated for MCA in drinking  water although Health Canada and Environment Canada have  categorized MCA as not entering the environment at levels that  may be hazardous to human health. There are, however, no  similar data or epidemiological reports for sodium  chloroacetate.
  • Metabolism/PharmacokineticsAfter absorption, monochloroacetic acid (parent compound  CAS 79-11-8) is converted to thiodiacetic acid and glycolic acid  and is accumulated in the liver and kidneys of rats.Metabolism of sodium monochloroacetate is expected to have a  similar pharmacokinetic profile.
  • Chemical PropertiesSodium chloroacetate is a white crystalline powder. It is soluble in water. It may be toxic ingestion or inhalation.
    Sodium chloroacetate is a reactive and toxic material, so it is hydrolyzed to glycolic acid nearly quantitatively at the end of the production cycle. Chloroacetic acid always contains traces of dichloroacetic acid, a toxic and unreactive material that appears on the California Prop.65 list.
  • UsesSodium chloroacetate is the sodium salt of chloroacetic acid. It is used to prepare weed killers, dyes, vitamins and active pharmaceutical ingredients. It is also used as an odor agent, surface active agent and viscosity adjustor. Sodium dihydroxyethyltallow glycinate is the condensation product of dihydroxyethyl tallow amine and sodiumchloroacetate.It is used as a thickeningagent and asurfactant.
  • General DescriptionChloroacetic acid sodium salt is a white colored powdered solid. Chloroacetic acid sodium salt is soluble in water.Chloroacetic acid sodium salt may be toxic ingestion or inhalation. Sodium chloroacetate is used as a contact herbicide and a component in other herbicides, an intermediate in the production of carboxymethyl-cellulose, and other synthetic organic chemicals.
  • Air & Water ReactionsChloroacetic acid sodium salt is soluble in water.
  • Reactivity ProfileSalts, basic, such as Chloroacetic acid sodium salt, are generally soluble in water. The resulting solutions contain moderate concentrations of hydroxide ions and have pH's greater than 7.0. They react as bases to neutralize acids. These neutralizations generate heat, but less or far less than is generated by neutralization of the bases in reactivity group 10 (Bases) and the neutralization of amines. They usually do not react as either oxidizing agents or reducing agents but such behavior is not impossible.
  • Health HazardHighly toxic, may be fatal if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through skin. Avoid any skin contact. Effects of contact or inhalation may be delayed. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution.
  • Fire HazardNon-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes. Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may pollute waterways.
  • Safety ProfilePoison by ingestion and intraperitoneal routes. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cland NazO. Used as an herbicide
Sodium chloroacetate Preparation Products And Raw materials
Sodium chloroacetate(3926-62-3)Related Product Information
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