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Boron trifluoride diethyl etherate

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Boron trifluoride diethyl etherate Basic information
Boron trifluoride diethyl etherate Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:−58 °C(lit.)
  • Boiling point:126-129 °C(lit.)
  • Density 1.15 g/mL(lit.)
  • vapor density 4.9 (vs air)
  • vapor pressure 4.2 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
  • refractive index n20/D 1.344(lit.)
  • Flash point:118 °F
  • storage temp. Store below +30°C.
  • solubility Miscible with ether and alcohol.
  • form liquid
  • color brown
  • Specific Gravity1.126 (20/4℃)
  • explosive limit5.1-18.2%(V)
  • Water Solubility Reacts
  • Sensitive Moisture Sensitive
  • Hydrolytic Sensitivity7: reacts slowly with moisture/water
  • Merck 14,1350
  • BRN 3909607
  • Stability:Stable. Highly flammable. May form explosive peroxides in contact with air or oxygen. Reacts exothermically with water to form extremely flammable diethyl ether and toxic, corrosive boron trifluoride hydrates. Also incompatible with bases, amines, alkali metals.
  • InChIKeyMZTVMRUDEFSYGQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • CAS DataBase Reference109-63-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST Chemistry ReferenceBoron trifluoride etherate(109-63-7)
  • EPA Substance Registry SystemBoron, trifluoro[1,1'-oxybis[ethane]]-, (T-4)- (109-63-7)
Safety Information
MSDS
Boron trifluoride diethyl etherate Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical PropertiesColorless to brown fuming liquid.
  • usesBoron trifluoride diethyl etherate is used as a Lewis acid catalyst in Mukaiyama aldol addition, alkylation, acetylation, isomerization, dehydrations and condensation reactions. It is involved in the prepattion of polyethers in polymerization reactions. As a catalyst, it is used in the preparation of cyclopentyl- and cycloheptyl[b]indoles and other diborane. It is also used in sensitive neutron detectors in ionization chambers as well as monitoring radiation levels in earth’s atmosphere.
  • PreparationBoron trifluoride gas, produced by heating the sulfuric acid, calcium fluoride (fluorite) and boric acid together, reacts with ether boron to produce the trifluoride etherate crude product, thus we can refine it to get the finished product. The consumption of raw material is as followed: boric acid (≥98%), 560kg/t; calcium fluoride(≥90%) 1150kg/t; fuming sulfuric acid (104.5%), 4100kg/t; ether(≥99%) 725kg/t.
    In absorption method shown in the chemical equations as followed, diethyl ether absorb boron trifluoride gas, produced by heating the sulfuric acid, calcium fluoride (fluorite) and boric acid together, to produce trifluoride etherate crude complex compound by vacuum distillation.
    3H2SO4+2H33BO3+3CaF2→2BF3+3CaSO4+6H2O
    BF3+(C2H5)2O→(C2H5)2O•BF3
  • ToxicitySee boron trifluoride.
  • Chemical PropertiesBoron trifluoride etherates: (compounded with methyl ether) is moisture-sensitive, corrosive, flammable liquid.
  • Physical propertiesFuming liquid; stable at ambient temperatures but hydrolyzed on exposure to moist air; density 1.125 g/mL; refractive index 1.348; solidifies at -60.4°C; boils at 125.7°C; flash point (open cup) 147°F (68.8°C); decomposes in water.
  • UsesCatalyst in acetylation, alkylation, polymerization, dehydration, and condensation reactions.
  • PreparationBoron trifluoride etherate is prepared by the reaction of vapors of boron trifluoride with that of anhydrous diethyl ether:
    BF3 (g) + (C2H5)2O (g) → (C2H5)2O?BF3.
  • ApplicationCatalyst in the synthesis of polyol chains. Reagent for the coupling of imines to allylstannanes and 4′-nitrobenzenesulfenanilide to alkenes and alkynes.
    Lewis acid reagent with broad application
    Catalyst used in the preparation of cyclopentyl- and cycloheptyl[b]indoles from aryl cyclopropyl ketones via [3+2] cycloaddition.
  • General DescriptionBoron trifluoride etherate is a fuming liquid. Boron trifluoride etherate may be corrosive to skin, eyes and mucous membranes. Boron trifluoride etherate may be toxic by inhalation. Upon exposure to water Boron trifluoride etherate may emit flammable and corrosive vapors. Boron trifluoride etherate is used as a catalyst in chemical reactions.
  • Air & Water ReactionsHighly flammable. Fuming liquid, immediately hydrolyzed by moisture in air to form hydrogen fluoride [Merck 11th ed. 1989].
  • Reactivity ProfileBoron trifluoride diethyl ether complex is a stable, highly flammable, colourless to brown fuming, corrosive liquid with a sharp pungent odour. It forms explosive peroxides in contact with air or oxygen. It reacts exothermically with water to form extremely flammable diethyl ether and toxic, corrosive boron trifluoride hydrates. The chemical is incompatible with bases, amines, and alkali metals. It immediately gets hydrolysed by moisture in air to form hydrogen fluoride. Boron trifluoride diethyl ether has applications in chemical laboratory as a catalyst in chemical reactions.
  • HazardThe compound is highly toxic by inhalation. Skin contact causes burns.
  • Health HazardMay cause toxic effects if inhaled or ingested/swallowed. Contact with substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
  • Fire HazardFlammable/combustible material. May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.
  • Potential ExposureUsed as a catalyst.
  • ShippingDiethyl: UN2604 Boron trifluoride diethyl etherate, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8—Corrosive material, 3—Flammable liquid. Dimethyl: UN2965 Boron trifluoride dimethyl etherate, Hazard class: 4.3; Labels: 4.3— Dangerous when wet, 8—Corrosive material, 3— Flammable liquid.
  • IncompatibilitiesReacts with air forming corrosive hydrogen fluoride vapors. Incompatible with oxidizers (may cause fire and explosion), water, steam or heat, forming corrosive and flammable vapors. Peroxide containing etherate reacts explosively with aluminum lithium hydride, magnesium tetrahydroaluminate. Mixtures with phenol react explosively with 1,3-butadiene. Presumed to form explosive peroxides.
Boron trifluoride diethyl etherate Preparation Products And Raw materials
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