ChemicalBook > Product Catalog > Chemical pesticides > Germicide > Substituted benzene fungicide > Quintozine
Quintozine Chemical Properties
- Melting point:140-143 °C(lit.)
- Boiling point:328°C
- Density 1.718
- vapor pressure 1.27 x l0-2Pa (25 °C)
- Flash point:11 °C
- storage temp. APPROX 4°C
- solubility toluene: soluble50mg/mL, clear, faintly to slightly yellow
- form powder
- color yellow to tan
- Water Solubility Insoluble
- Merck 8080
- BRN 1914324
- Stability:Stable. Incompatible with strong bases, strong oxidizing agents.
- CAS DataBase Reference82-68-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
- NIST Chemistry ReferenceBenzene, pentachloronitro-(82-68-8)
- EPA Substance Registry SystemPentachloronitrobenzene (82-68-8)
- Hazard Codes Xi,N,T,F,Xn
- Risk Statements 43-50/53-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-11-40-51/53
- Safety Statements 13-24-37-60-61-45-36/37-16-24/25-23
- RIDADR UN 3077 9/PG 3
- WGK Germany 2
- RTECS DA6650000
- HS Code 29049090
- Hazardous Substances Data82-68-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
- ToxicityLD50 in male, female rats (g/kg): 1.71 ±0.20, 1.65 ±0.17 by gavage (Finnegan)
Quintozine Usage And Synthesis
- Chemical PropertiesLight green powder
- Chemical PropertiesQuinalphos is an off-white powder. It is stable and incompatible with strong bases and strong oxidizing agents. Quinalphos is uses as a fungicide and herbicide.
- Chemical PropertiesQuintozene is a colorless to cream-colored crystalline material. Musty, mothball odor. Technical-grade PCNB contains an average of 97.8% PCNB, 1.8% hexa- chlorobenzene (HCB), 0.4% 2,3,4,5-tetrachloronitrobenzene (TCNB), and less than 0.1% pentachlorobenzene. Musty odor.
- Chemical PropertiesPentachloronitrobenzene forms colorless needles. Technical-grade PCNB contains an average of 97.8% PCNB, 1.8% hexachlorobenzene (HCB), 0.4% 2,3,4,5-tetrachloronitrobenzene (TCNB), and less than 0.1% pentachlorobenzene.
- UsesFungicide for seed and soil treatment.
- UsesQuintozene is used against a range of diseases on vegetables, flower crops, cotton, bulbs, potatoes, wheat, rice, peanuts, pulse crops, maize, bananas and turf. It is used in the field and in glasshouses. It is usually applied to soil or as a seed treatment.
- DefinitionChEBI: A C-nitro compound that is nitrobenzene in which every hydrogen has been replaced by a chlorine. A fungicide used on a variety of crops, including cotton, rice and seed grains, it is no longer approved for use within the European Union.
- General DescriptionCrystalline pale yellow to white solid or powder with a musty moth ball odor. Insoluble in water and denser than water. Hence sinks in water.
- Air & Water ReactionsInsoluble in water.
- Reactivity ProfileQuintozine is hydrolyzed by alkalis. Is incompatible with strong oxidizing agnets. Also incompatible with strong bases. Corrosive to unlined metal containers .
- Health HazardExposures to quinalphos cause toxicity and adverse health effects. On contact with the skin, quinalphos causes the effects of sensitization.
- Fire HazardOn hazardous decomposition, quintozene releases phosgene, hydrogen chloride, oxides of nitrogen, and chlorine-containing compounds, and other unknown materials may be released in a fire situation. Incomplete combustion may lead to the formation of oxides of carbon.
- Agricultural UsesSoil fungicide, Nematicide, Seed treatment: Quintozene, the common name for PCNB or pentachlkoronitrobenzene, is an organochlorine fungicide used as a seed dressing or soil treatment to control a wide range of fungi species in such crops as potatoes, wheat, onions, lettuce, tomatoes, tulips, garlic, and others. Depending on the producer and the manufacturing procedure, PCNB impurities can include hexachlorobenzene, pentachlorobenzene, and tetrachloronitrobenzene. The fungicide is often used in combination with insecticides and fungicides including carbaryl, imazalil, tridimenol, etridiazole, and fuberidazole. It is available as a dustable or wettable powder, in granular form, emulsifiable concentrate, and seed treatment. Not approved for use in EU countries. Registered for use in the U.S. and Canada. There are more than 35 global suppliers.
- Trade name(EPA lists 290 active and canceled or transferred products) AVICOL (PESTICIDE)®; BOTRILEX®; BLOCKER 4F®; BOTRILEX®; BRASSICOL®; BRASSICOL EARTHCIDE®; BRASSICOL 75®; BRASSICOL SUPER®; CHINOZAN®; EARTHCIDE®; FARTOX®; FOLOSAN®; FOMAC 2®; FUNGICHLOR®; GC 3944-3-4®; KOBU®; KOBUTOL®; KODIAK A-T FUNGICIDE®; KP 2®; MARISAN FORTE®; MEFENOXAM®; PARFLO®; PENTAGEN®; PHOMASAN®; PKhNB®; RTU 1010®; SANICLOR 30®; TERRACHLOR®; TERRACLOR®; TERRACLOR 30G®; TERRA-COAT®; TERRAFUN®; TERRAZAN®; TILCAREX®; TRIPCNB®; TRIQUINTAM®; TRITISAN®; TUBERGRAN®; TURFCIDE®; VITAVAX® Quintozene
- Contact allergensPentachloronitrobenzene is a pesticide and a fungicide. Sensitization can occur in farmers or in chemical plants.
- Safety ProfileModerately toxic by ingestion. An experimental teratogen. Questionable carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic data. Mutation data reported. Used as a fungcide. Dangerous; when heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of NO, and Cl-. See also NITRO COMPOUNDS OF AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS
- Potential ExposureThose engaged in manufacture, formulation and application of this soil fungicide and seed treatment chemical. Peracetic acid is often used as a sterilizing agent in the medical, food service and pharmaceutical industries in combination hydrogen peroxide and acetic acid.
- Environmental FateBiological. Pentachloronitrobenzene is rapidly degraded in flooded soils forming pentachloroaniline. When pentachloronitrobenzene was incubated in a submerged soil and
moist soil for 3 weeks, the percentages of the applied dosage remaining were <1 and 82%,
respectively. Chacko et al. (1966) reported microorganisms can convert pentachloronitrobenzene to pentachloroaniline and pentachlorothioanisole
Soil. The half-lives of pentachloronitrobenzene in a Columbia fine sandy loam, Sacramento clay and Staten peaty muck from California were 4.7, 7.6 and 9.7 months, respectively. Degradation products were pentachloroaniline and pentachlorothioanis
When heated to decomposition (330°C), emits toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides and chlorine (Sax and Lewis, 1987)
- Metabolic pathwayRenner (1981) has reviewed the metabolism of quintozene. Fate in soil, plants, several animal species and fish has been reported. The nitro group provides a reactive centre, which allows rapid metabolism via three primary routes: nitro reduction, glutathione-dependent denitration and dechlorination. Thus a very complex array of metabolites is formed. Quintozene is relatively persistent in soil in comparison with plants and animals. It was one of the compounds which stimulated the study and understanding of the catabolism of glutathione conjugates in plants and animals and this was properly elucidated for the first time using such compounds. Nitro reduction and nitro displacement is quite rapid and therefore quintozene is much less persistent than is hexachlorobenzene. The latter shares one of the primary metabolites [ S-(pentachlorophenyl)glutathione] with quintozene and many of the sulfur-containing metabolites are common to both compounds.
- ShippingUN3077 Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s., Hazard class: 9; Labels: 9-Miscellaneous hazardous material, Technical Name Required. UN2811 Toxic solids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required.
- Purification MethodsCrystallise it from EtOH. [Beilstein 5 H 247, 5 II 188, 5 III 618.]
- DegradationQuintozene is a stable compound. It is stable in acidic media but is hydrolysed in base (PM). The nitro group is liable to displacement by thiolysis.
- IncompatibilitiesIncompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explo- sions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides. Thermal decomposition products may include nitrogen oxides and hydrogen chlo- ride. Corrosive to unlined metal containers .
- Waste DisposalDispose of contents/container to an approved waste disposal plant or consult with envi- ronmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste contain- ing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform to EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal. In accordance with 40CFR165, follow recommendations for the disposal.
Quintozine Preparation Products And Raw materials
- 2,3-Dichloronitrobenzene 4-Chloronitrobenzene 2,5-Dichloroaniline Hydroxylamine hydrochloride TECNAZENE 2,4,6-Trichloroaniline 2-Nitrochlorobenzene 3,4,5-Trichloronitrobenzene 2,6-DICHLORONITROSOBENZENE 1,2,4-Trichloro-5-nitrobenzene 3,4,5-TRICHLOROANILINE 1,2,3,4-Tetrachlorobenzene 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 1,3,5-Trichlorobenzene 2,6-Dichloroaniline 2,3,5-trichloroaniline 3,4-dichloro-N-hydroxyaniline 1,2,4,5-Tetrachlorobenzene