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m-Tolunitrile

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m-Tolunitrile Basic information
m-Tolunitrile Chemical Properties
  • Melting point:−23 °C(lit.)
  • Boiling point:99-101 °C20 mm Hg(lit.)
  • Density 0.976 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
  • refractive index n20/D 1.525(lit.)
  • Flash point:188 °F
  • form Liquid
  • color Clear colorless to very slightly yellow
  • Water Solubility <0.1 g/100 mL at 25 ºC
  • BRN 507391
  • InChIKeyBOHCMQZJWOGWTA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • CAS DataBase Reference620-22-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST Chemistry ReferenceBenzonitrile, 3-methyl-(620-22-4)
  • EPA Substance Registry Systemm-Tolunitrile (620-22-4)
Safety Information
MSDS
m-Tolunitrile Usage And Synthesis
  • Chemical PropertiesCLEAR COLOURLESS TO VERY SLIGHTLY YELLOW LIQUID
  • General DescriptionClear, yellow liquid.
  • Air & Water ReactionsInsoluble in water.
  • Reactivity ProfileNitriles, such as m-Tolunitrile, may polymerize in the presence of metals and some metal compounds. They are incompatible with acids; mixing nitriles with strong oxidizing acids can lead to extremely violent reactions. Nitriles are generally incompatible with other oxidizing agents such as peroxides and epoxides. The combination of bases and nitriles can produce hydrogen cyanide. Nitriles are hydrolyzed in both aqueous acid and base to give carboxylic acids (or salts of carboxylic acids). These reactions generate heat. Peroxides convert nitriles to amides. Nitriles can react vigorously with reducing agents. Acetonitrile and propionitrile are soluble in water, but nitriles higher than propionitrile have low aqueous solubility. They are also insoluble in aqueous acids.
  • Health HazardACUTE/CHRONIC HAZARDS: m-Tolunitrile causes skin irritation on contact.
  • Fire Hazardm-Tolunitrile is combustible.
  • Purification MethodsDry the nitrile with MgSO4, fractionally distil it, then wash it with aqueous acid to remove possible traces of amines, dry and redistil it. [Beilstein 9 H 477, 9 I 191, 9 II 325, 9 III 2324, 9 IV 1717.]
m-Tolunitrile Preparation Products And Raw materials
m-Tolunitrile(620-22-4)Related Product Information
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