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Lithium chloride

Lithium chloride Structure
Lithium chloride
  • CAS No.7447-41-8
  • Chemical Name:Lithium chloride
  • Synonyms:LiCl;LITHIUM ION;chlorkulitu;Chlorku litu;Chlorolithium;Lithiumchlorid;Lithium chloride;Lihtium Chloride;99.3,99.0and98,0%;chloruredelithium
  • CBNumber:CB9854200
  • Molecular Formula:LiCl
  • Formula Weight:42.39
  • MOL File:7447-41-8.mol
Lithium chloride Property
  • Melting point: :605 °C(lit.)
  • Boiling point: :1382°C
  • Density  :2.06
  • vapor pressure  :1.33 hPa (547 °C)
  • refractive index  :n20/D 1.381
  • Flash point: :-4 °F
  • storage temp.  :2-8°C
  • solubility  :H2O: soluble
  • form  :beads
  • color  :White to gray
  • Specific Gravity :2.068
  • PH :5.5-7.5 (25℃, 50mg/mL in H2O)
  • Water Solubility  :832 g/L (20 ºC)
  • Sensitive  :Hygroscopic
  • λmax :λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.01
    λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.01
  • Merck  :14,5528
  • Stability: :Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, bromine trichloride, bromine trifluoride. Very hygroscopic. Protect from moisture.
  • InChIKey :KWGKDLIKAYFUFQ-UHFFFAOYSA-M
  • CAS DataBase Reference :7447-41-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST Chemistry Reference :Lithium chloride(7447-41-8)
  • EPA Substance Registry System :Lithium chloride (LiCl)(7447-41-8)
Safety
Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
  • Symbol(GHS)
  • Signal wordDanger
  • Hazard statements
  • H225:Highly Flammable liquid and vapour
  • H226:Flammable liquid and vapour
  • H302:Harmful if swallowed
  • H314:Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
  • H315:Causes skin irritation
  • H318:Causes serious eye damage
  • H319:Causes serious eye irritation
  • H335:May cause respiratory irritation
  • H351:Suspected of causing cancer
  • H361:Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child
  • H373:May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
  • Precautionary statements
  • P210:Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
  • P261:Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
  • P280:Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
  • P310:Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
  • P304+P340:IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
  • P305+P351+P338:IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
  • P337+P313:IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
  • P370+P378:In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
  • P405:Store locked up.
  • P403+P235:Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
Lithium chloride Price More Price(71)
  • Brand: Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number: 203637
  • Product name : Lithium chloride
  • Purity: powder, ≥99.98% trace metals basis
  • Packaging: 10g
  • Price: $77.6
  • Updated: 2018/11/13
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  • Brand: Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number: 203637
  • Product name : Lithium chloride
  • Purity: powder, ≥99.98% trace metals basis
  • Packaging: 50g
  • Price: $306
  • Updated: 2018/11/13
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  • Brand: TCI Chemical
  • Product number: L0222
  • Product name : Lithium Chloride (2.3% in Tetrahydrofuran, ca. 0.5mol/L)
  • Purity: 
  • Packaging: 100mL
  • Price: $52
  • Updated: 2018/11/22
  • Buy: Buy
  • Brand: Alfa Aesar
  • Product number: 010515
  • Product name : Lithium chloride, anhydrous, 99%
  • Purity: 
  • Packaging: 1kg
  • Price: $95.1
  • Updated: 2018/11/16
  • Buy: Buy
  • Brand: Alfa Aesar
  • Product number: 010515
  • Product name : Lithium chloride, anhydrous, 99%
  • Purity: 
  • Packaging: 5kg
  • Price: $419
  • Updated: 2018/11/16
  • Buy: Buy

Lithium chloride Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

  • Chemical Properties White cubic crystals; granules or powder; hygroscopic; sharp salt-like taste; refractive index 1.662; density 2.068 g/cm3; melts at 605°C; vaporizes around 1,360°C; readily dissolves in water (64g/100mL at 0°C); also highly soluble in alcohol and pyridine; moderately soluble in acetone (4.1 g/100mL at 25°C).
    It dehumidifies air for industrial drying and for air conditioning. Lithium chloride bums with a chrims on flame and is used in pyrotechnics. It is also used as a pyrotechnic in welding and brazing fluxes.
  • Uses manufacture of mineral waters; in pyrotechnics; soldering aluminum; in refrigerating machines.
  • Uses Lithium chloride is used as an antidepressant, especially in the treatment of manic depression and bipolar disorders.
  • Definition ChEBI: A metal chloride salt with a Li(+) counterion.
  • Preparation Lithium chloride may be prepared by reaction of lithium carbonate or lithium hydroxide with hydrochloric acid followed by crystallization:
    Li2CO3+ 2HCl →2LiCl + CO2+ H2O LiOH + HCl →LiCl + H2O
    Crystallization above 95°C yields anhydrous salt. Hot solution upon cooling forms crystals of monohydrate, LiCl.H2O.
    Lithium chloride can be synthesized from its elements by heating lithium metal with chlorine gas. It also may be obtained from natural brine.
  • General Description Colorless crystals or powder. Low toxicity.
  • Air & Water Reactions Very hygroscopic. Very soluble in water.
  • Reactivity Profile These materials have weak oxidizing or reducing powers. Redox reactions can however still occur. For example, CO2, which is often regarded as chemically inert, vigorously oxidizes the strong reducing agent Mg if the two are heated together. The majority of compounds in this class are slightly soluble or insoluble in water. If soluble in water, then the solutions are usually neither strongly acidic nor strongly basic. These compounds are not water-reactive. Some do react with acids: carbonates generate carbon dioxide and heat when treated with acids; fluorides, sulfites and sulfides generate toxic gases (hydrogen fluoride, sulfur dioxide and hydrogen sulfide, respectively) when treated with acids.
  • Fire Hazard Flash point data for Lithium chloride are not available. Lithium chloride is probably combustible.
  • Safety Profile Human poison by ingestion. Experimental poison by intravenous and intracerebral routes. Moderately toxic by subcutaneous and intraperitoneal routes. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. Human systemic effects by ingestion: somnolence, tremors, nausea or vomiting. An eye and severe skin irritant. Human mutation data reported. Questionable carcinogen with experimental neoplastigenic data. This material has been recommended and used as a substitute for sodwm chloride in "saltfree" diets, but cases have been reported in which the ingestion of lithium chloride has produced dminess, ringing in the ears, visual disturbances, tremors, and mental confusion. In most cases, the symptoms disappeared when use was discontinued. Prolonged absorption may cause disturbed electrolyte balance, impaired renal function. Reaction is violent with BrF3. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-. Used for dehumidification in the air conditioning industry. Also used to obtain lithum metal. See also LITHIUM COMPOUNDS.
  • Purification Methods Crystallise it from water (1mL/g) or MeOH and dry it for several hours at 130o. Other metal ions can be removed by preliminary crystallisation from hot aqueous 0.01M disodium EDTA. It has also been crystallised from conc HCl, fused in an atmosphere of dry HCl gas, cooled under dry N2 and pulverised in a dry-box. Kolthoff and Bruckenstein [J Am Chem Soc 74 2529 1952] precipitated it with ammonium carbonate, washed it with Li2CO3 five times by decantation and finally with suction, then dissolved it in HCl. The LiCl solution is evaporated slowly with continuous stirring in a large evaporating dish, the dry powder being stored (while still hot) in a desiccator over CaCl2.
Lithium chloride Preparation Products And Raw materials
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