Description Uses References
ChemicalBook > CAS DataBase List > Lithium fluoride

Lithium fluoride

Description Uses References
Lithium fluoride Structure
Lithium fluoride
  • CAS No.7789-24-4
  • Chemical Name:Lithium fluoride
  • Synonyms:ntl50;NTL 50;tld100;tld700;TLD 100;TLD 700;LT-E001;Fluorolithium;Lithiumfluorid;lithiumfluorure
  • CBNumber:CB5854343
  • Molecular Formula:FLi
  • Formula Weight:25.94
  • MOL File:7789-24-4.mol
Lithium fluoride Property
  • Melting point: :845 °C(lit.)
  • Boiling point: :1681 °C
  • Density  :2.64 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
  • refractive index  :1.3915
  • Flash point: :1680°C
  • storage temp.  :Store at +5°C to +30°C.
  • solubility  :Soluble in 0.29 g/100 mL (20°C) and hydrogen fluoride. Insoluble in alcohol.
  • form  :random crystals
  • color  :White to off-white
  • Specific Gravity :2.635
  • PH :6.0-8.5 (25℃, 0.01M in H2O)
  • Water Solubility  :0.29 g/100 mL (20 ºC)
  • Sensitive  :Hygroscopic
  • λmax :λ: 260 nm Amax: ≤0.01
    λ: 280 nm Amax: ≤0.01
  • Merck  :14,5531
  • Solubility Product Constant (Ksp) :pKsp: 2.74
  • Stability: :Stable, but hygroscopic. Hydrolyzes in the presence of water to form hydrofluoric acid, which attacks glass - do not store in glass bottles. Incompatible with aqueous solutions, strong acids, strong oxidizing agents.
  • InChIKey :PQXKHYXIUOZZFA-UHFFFAOYSA-M
  • CAS DataBase Reference :7789-24-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • NIST Chemistry Reference :Lithium fluoride(7789-24-4)
  • EPA Substance Registry System :Lithium fluoride (LiF)(7789-24-4)
Safety
Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
  • Symbol(GHS)
  • Signal wordDanger
  • Hazard statements
  • H301:Toxic if swalloed
  • H315:Causes skin irritation
  • H319:Causes serious eye irritation
  • H335:May cause respiratory irritation
  • Precautionary statements
  • P261:Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
  • P305+P351+P338:IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
  • P405:Store locked up.
Lithium fluoride Price More Price(35)
  • Brand: Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number: 203645
  • Product name : Lithium fluoride
  • Purity: powder, <100 μm, ≥99.98% trace metals basis
  • Packaging: 5g
  • Price: $52
  • Updated: 2018/11/13
  • Buy: Buy
  • Brand: Sigma-Aldrich
  • Product number: 203645
  • Product name : Lithium fluoride
  • Purity: powder, <100 μm, ≥99.98% trace metals basis
  • Packaging: 25g
  • Price: $174
  • Updated: 2018/11/13
  • Buy: Buy
  • Brand: Alfa Aesar
  • Product number: 010736
  • Product name : Lithium fluoride, Puratronic?, 99.99% (metals basis)
  • Purity: 
  • Packaging: 50g
  • Price: $275
  • Updated: 2018/11/16
  • Buy: Buy
  • Brand: Alfa Aesar
  • Product number: 010736
  • Product name : Lithium fluoride, Puratronic?, 99.99% (metals basis)
  • Purity: 
  • Packaging: 10g
  • Price: $76.2
  • Updated: 2018/11/16
  • Buy: Buy
  • Brand: Strem Chemicals
  • Product number: 93-0320
  • Product name : Lithium fluoride (99.9%-Li)
  • Purity: 
  • Packaging: 10g
  • Price: $47
  • Updated: 2018/11/13
  • Buy: Buy

Lithium fluoride Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

  • Description Lithium Fluoride (LiF) has the lowest refractive index of all common infrared materials. It possesses the highest UV transmission of any material, being able to transmit significantly into the VUV region at the hydrogen Lyman-alpha line (121nm). Lithium fluoride can be applied in rechargeable Li batteries, in radiation dosimeter for personnel monitoring as well as radiation research, as an optical material, as a heat sink material, to produce ceramics, and to dissolve fluid fuel for molten salt reactors.
  • Uses Lithium Fluoride (LiF)  is a water insoluble Lithium source for use in oxygen-sensitive applications, such as metal production. It is most widely used as a flux in the production of ceramics, such as enamels, glasses and glazes. Similarly it is also used in brazing and welding fluxes and molten salt chemistry in metallurgy.
    Lithium fluoride is also used for:
    1. X-Ray monochromator plates as an analysis crystal: Lithium fluoride is also used for X-ray monochromator plates where its lattice spacing makes it the most useful analysis crystal.
    2. Heat sink materials
    3. UV transmission windows: Lithium fluoride is the material with the most extreme UV transmission of all and is used for special UV optics. Lithium fluoride transmits well into the VUV region at the hydrogen Lyman-alpha line (121nm) and beyond.
  • References [1] H. Li, G. Richter, J. Maier, Reversible Formation and Decomposition of LiF Clusters Using Transition Metal Fluorides as Precursors and Their Application in Rechargeable Li Batteries, Advanced Materials, 2003, vol. 15, 736-739
    [2] J. R. Cameron, F. Daniels, N. Johnson, G. Kenney, Radiation Dosimeter Utilizing the Thermoluminescence of Lithium Fluoride, Science, 1961, vol. 134, 333-334
    [3] E. T. Kvamme, J. C. Earthman, D. B. Leviton, B. J. Frey, Lithium fluoride material properties as applied on the NIRCam instrument, Proc. SPIE 59,4, 2005
    [4] Y. Kogure, H. Kaburaki, Y. Hiki, Low-Temperature Thermal Properties of Lithium Fluoride Containing Dislocations, Phonon Scattering in Condensed Matter, 1979, 267-270
    [5] H. Naghib-zadeh, C. Glizky, I. D?rfel, T. Rabe, Low temperature sintering of barium titanate ceramics assisted by addition of lithium fluoride-containing sintering additives, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 2010, vol. 30, 81-86
    [6] M. W. Rosenthal, P. R. Kasten, R. B. Briggs, Molten-Salt Reactors – History, Status, and Potential, 1970, vol. 8, 107-117
  • Chemical Properties White powder
  • Uses The important uses of lithium fluoride are as flux in glasses, vitreous enamels and glazes; in soldering and welding aluminum; and its prisms in infrared spectrophotometers. The compound also is used for storing solar energy.
  • Uses As flux for soldering and welding aluminum, in the manufacture of vitreous enamels and glazes. Lithium fluoride prisms are used in infrared spectrophotometers.
  • Preparation Lithium fluoride is prepared by treating an aqueous solution of lithium hydroxide or lithium carbonate with aqueous hydrofluoric acid: LiOH + HF → LiF + H2O.
  • Safety Profile Poison by ingestion and subcutaneous routes. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of F-. Used as a flux in enamels, glasses, glazes, and weldmg. See also FLUORIDES and LITHIUM COMPOUNDS.
  • Purification Methods Possible impurities are LiCO3, H2O and HF. These can be removed by calcining it at red heat, then pulverizing it with a Pt pestle and storing it in a paraffin bottle. Its solubility in H2O is 0.27% at 18o. It volatilises between 1100-1200o. [Kwasnik in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 235 1963].
Lithium fluoride Preparation Products And Raw materials
Raw materials
Preparation Products
Lithium fluoride Suppliers
Global(202)Suppliers
  • Supplier:
    Frapp's ChemicalNFTZ Co., Ltd.
  • Tel:+86 (576) 8169-6106
  • Fax:+86 (576) 8169-6105
  • Email:sales@frappschem.com
  • Country:China
  • ProdList:886
  • Advantage:50
  • Supplier:
    Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
  • Tel:0371-55170693
  • Fax:0371-55170693
  • Email:info@tianfuchem.com
  • Country:CHINA
  • ProdList:20672
  • Advantage:55
  • Supplier:
    Mainchem Co., Ltd.
  • Tel:+86-0592-6210733
  • Fax:+86-0592-6210733
  • Email:sales@mainchem.com
  • Country:CHINA
  • ProdList:32447
  • Advantage:55
  • Supplier:
    Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
  • Tel:86-21-51086038
  • Fax:86-21-51861608
  • Email:chemwill_asia@126.com;sales@chemwill.com;chemwill@hotmail.com;chemwill@gmail.com
  • Country:CHINA
  • ProdList:23980
  • Advantage:58
  • Supplier:
    Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
  • Tel:86-531-88032799
  • Fax:+86 531 8582 1093
  • Email:export@haihangchem.com
  • Country:CHINA
  • ProdList:8921
  • Advantage:58
  • Supplier: -
  • Tel:0795-4604680
  • Fax:
  • Email:shenji@ganfenglithium.com
  • Country:CHINA
  • ProdList:6
  • Advantage:58
7789-24-4, Lithium fluorideRelated Search:
  • Fluorolithium
  • Lithium fluoride (Li3F3)
  • Lithium fluoride (LiF)
  • Lithium fluorure
  • Lithium monofluoride
  • Lithiumfluorid
  • lithiumfluoride(lif)
  • lithiumfluorure
  • lithiumfluorure(french)
  • Lithium Fluoride, > 99.5%
  • ultrapurenormatome
  • Lithiumfluoride,ultradry,99.99%(metalsbasis)
  • Lithiumfluoride,Puratronic,99.99%(metalsbasis)
  • Lithiumfluoride,98+%
  • Lithiumfluoride,99.98%(metalsbasis)
  • Lithiumfluoride99.9
  • Lithium fluoride, extra pure, 99.98%
  • Lithium fluoride, for analysis, 97%
  • LITHIUM FLUOIRDE
  • Lithiumfluoride,99.9%(99.9+%-Li)
  • lithium fluoride, optical grade
  • lithium fluoride, puratronic
  • lithium fluoride, ultra dry
  • LITHIUMFLUORIDE,POWDER,REAGENT
  • Lithium fluoride 99.999%
  • Lithium fluoride, Puratronic(R), 99.99% (metals basis)
  • Lithium fluoride, Optical Grade, 99.5+%
  • Lithium fluoride, 98.5%
  • Lithium fluoride, 99.85% (metals basis)
  • Lithium fluoride (a little fluorine)
  • Lithium Flouride
  • Lithium fluoride, 99.98%, extra pure
  • LITHIUM FLUORIDE, 97%, FOR ANALYSIS
  • Lithium fluoride, extra pure
  • lithiummonofluoride
  • NTL 50
  • ntl50
  • TLD 100
  • TLD 700
  • tld100
  • tld700
  • Trilithium trifluoride
  • LITHIUM FLUORIDE
  • Lithium fluoride (99.9% Li) (fused crystals)
  • Lithium Fluoride Anhydrous
  • Lithiumfluoridefusedcrystalsmmpieces
  • Lithiumfluoridewhitepowder
  • Lithium fluoride 99.99
  • Lithium fluoride 99
  • LITHIUM FLUORIDE PURE
  • LITHIUM FLUORIDE, PRECIPITATED, 99.995%
  • LITHIUM FLUORIDE, POWDER, <5 MICRONS,99.98+%
  • Lithium fluoride, fused, pieces, 2-15mm, 99.995%
  • LITHIUM FLUORIDE FUSED PIECES 2-15MM
  • LITHIUM FLUORIDE, ANHYDROUS, 99.99+%
  • LITHIUM FLUORIDE RANDOM CRYSTALS OPTI&
  • LithiumFluorideLiF99.99%
  • LithiumFluorideLiF>99.5%