Chlorethan Produkt Beschreibung

CHLOROETHANE Struktur
75-00-3
  • CAS-Nr.75-00-3
  • Bezeichnung:Chlorethan
  • Englisch Name:CHLOROETHANE
  • Synonyma:Chlorethan;Ethylchlorid;Monochlorethan
    F160;R160;Kelene;C2H5Cl;Chelen;Chloryl;Dublofix;freon160;Aethylis;Anodynon
  • CBNumber:CB5227785
  • Summenformel:C2H5Cl
  • Molgewicht:64.51
  • MOL-Datei:75-00-3.mol
Chlorethan physikalisch-chemischer Eigenschaften
  • Schmelzpunkt: :−139 °C(lit.)
  • Siedepunkt: :12.3 °C(lit.)
  • Dichte :0.89 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
  • Dampfdichte :2.22 (vs air)
  • Dampfdruck :32.29 psi ( 55 °C)
  • Brechungsindex :1.3676
  • Flammpunkt: :<−30 °F
  • storage temp.  :2-8°C
  • Löslichkeit :Soluble in ethanol, ether (U.S. EPA, 1985); miscible with chlorinated hydrocarbons such as chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, and tetrachloroethane.
  • Geruch (Odor) :Ethereal; pungent, ethereal; ether-like.
  • Merck  :14,3782
  • Henry's Law Constant :7.59, 9.58, 11.0, 12.1(x 10-3 atm?m3/mol), and 14.3 at 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 °C, respectively (EPICS, Ashworth et al., 1988)
  • Expositionsgrenzwerte :TLV-TWA 1000 ppm (~2600 mg/m3) (ACGIH, MSHA, NIOSH, and OSHA); IDLH 20,000 ppm (NIOSH).
  • Stabilität: :Stable. Highly flammable - may form explosive mixtures with air. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, alkali metals and their alloys.
  • CAS Datenbank :75-00-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
Sicherheit

CHLOROETHANE Chemische Eigenschaften,Einsatz,Produktion Methoden

  • ERSCHEINUNGSBILD FARBLOSES KOMPRIMIERTES FLüSSIGGAS MIT CHARAKTERISTISCHEM GERUCH.
  • PHYSIKALISCHE GEFAHREN Das Gas ist schwerer als Luft und kann sich am Boden ausbreiten. Fernzündung möglich.
  • CHEMISCHE GEFAHREN Zersetzung beim Erhitzen oder Verbrennen unter Bildung giftiger Gase (Chlorwasserstoffs. ICSC 0163, Phosgens. ICSC 0007).
  • ARBEITSPLATZGRENZWERTE TLV: 100 ppm (als TWA); Hautresorption; Krebskategorie A3 (bestätigte krebserzeugende Wirkung beim Tier mit unbekannter Bedeutung für den Menschen); (ACGIH 2005).
    MAK: Hautresorption; Krebserzeugend Kategorie 3B; (DFG 2005).
    EG Arbeitsplatz-Richtgrenzwerte: 268 mg/m? 1200 ppm (als TWA); (EG 2006)
  • AUFNAHMEWEGE Aufnahme in den Körper durch Inhalation.
  • INHALATIONSGEFAHREN Eine gesundheitsschädliche Konzentration des Gases in der Luft wird beim Entweichen aus dem Behälter sehr schnell erreicht.
  • WIRKUNGEN BEI KURZZEITEXPOSITION WIRKUNGEN BEI KURZZEITEXPOSITION:
    Die Substanz reizt leicht die Augen, die Haut und die Atemwege. Schnelle Verdampfung kann zu Erfrierungen führen. Möglich sind Auswirkungen auf das Zentralnervensystem. Exposition weit oberhalb der Arbeitsplatzgrenzwerte kann zu Bewusstlosigkeit, Herzrhythmusstörungenund Todführen.
  • LECKAGE Gefahrenbereich verlassen! Fachmann zu Rate ziehen! Belüftung. Persönliche Schutzausrüstung: Umgebungsluftunabhängiges Atemschutzgerät. NICHT in die Umwelt gelangen lassen.
  • R-Sätze Betriebsanweisung: R45:Kann Krebs erzeugen.
    R11:Leichtentzündlich.
    R20/21/22:Gesundheitsschädlich beim Einatmen,Verschlucken und Berührung mit der Haut.
    R36/37/38:Reizt die Augen, die Atmungsorgane und die Haut.
    R52/53:Schädlich für Wasserorganismen, kann in Gewässern längerfristig schädliche Wirkungen haben.
    R40:Verdacht auf krebserzeugende Wirkung.
    R12:Hochentzündlich.
    R39/23/24/25:Giftig: ernste Gefahr irreversiblen Schadens durch Einatmen, Berührung mit der Haut und durch Verschlucken.
    R23/24/25:Giftig beim Einatmen, Verschlucken und Berührung mit der Haut.
    R67:Dämpfe können Schläfrigkeit und Benommenheit verursachen.
    R66:Wiederholter Kontakt kann zu spröder oder rissiger Haut führen.
    R22:Gesundheitsschädlich beim Verschlucken.
    R19:Kann explosionsfähige Peroxide bilden.
  • S-Sätze Betriebsanweisung: S9:Behälter an einem gut gelüfteten Ort aufbewahren.
    S16:Von Zündquellen fernhalten - Nicht rauchen.
    S33:Maßnahmen gegen elektrostatische Aufladungen treffen.
    S36/37:Bei der Arbeit geeignete Schutzhandschuhe und Schutzkleidung tragen.
    S61:Freisetzung in die Umwelt vermeiden. Besondere Anweisungen einholen/Sicherheitsdatenblatt zu Rate ziehen.
    S45:Bei Unfall oder Unwohlsein sofort Arzt zuziehen (wenn möglich, dieses Etikett vorzeigen).
    S7:Behälter dicht geschlossen halten.
    S29:Nicht in die Kanalisation gelangen lassen.
    S36/37/39:Bei der Arbeit geeignete Schutzkleidung,Schutzhandschuhe und Schutzbrille/Gesichtsschutz tragen.
    S26:Bei Berührung mit den Augen sofort gründlich mit Wasser abspülen und Arzt konsultieren.
    S53:Exposition vermeiden - vor Gebrauch besondere Anweisungen einholen.
  • Chemische Eigenschaften colourless gas
  • Chemische Eigenschaften Ethyl chloride is a colorless gas or liquid (below 12℃) with a pungent, ethereal odor and a burning taste. Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.
  • Physikalische Eigenschaften Clear, colorless gas or liquid with a pungent or faint, sweetish ether-like odor. When spilled, ethyl chloride evaporates quickly. Odor threshold concentration is 4.2 ppm (quoted, Amoore and Hautala, 1983).
  • Verwenden Ethyl chloride is used as a refrigerant, as asolvent, in the manufacture of tetraethyl lead,and as an alkylating agent. It is also used asa topical anesthetic.
  • Verwenden Refrigerant, solvent, alkylating agent, starting point in the manufacture of tetraethyl lead: US 1907701 (1933).
  • Definition A highly reactive manmade volatile organic com- pound that is highly reactive in the atmosphere. It readily reacts with oxidizing agents to release the chlorine atoms which, circulate and cause tropo- spheric ozone to decompose.
  • Definition A gaseous compound made by the addition of hydrogen chloride to ethene. It is used as a refrigerant and a local anesthetic.
  • Allgemeine Beschreibung A clear colorless gas with a pungent odor. Flash point -58°F. Boiling point 54°F. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Vapors are heavier than air. Under prolonged exposure to fire or heat the containers may rupture violently and rocket.Ethyl chloride is used as a solvent for oils,resins,and waxes. It is used in medicine and as an intermediate in synthesis.
  • Air & Water Reaktionen Highly flammable. Insoluble in water.
  • Reaktivität anzeigen CHLOROETHANE is heat sensitive. CHLOROETHANE will hydrolyze in the presence of alkalis and water. CHLOROETHANE reacts with water or steam to produce toxic and corrosive fumes. CHLOROETHANE can also react vigorously with oxidizing materials. The vapor forms highly flammable mixtures with air. A mixture of CHLOROETHANE with potassium is shock-sensitive. Contact with chemically active metals such as Na, K, Ca, powdered Al, Zn and Mg may result in violent reactions.
  • Hazard Highly flammable, severe fire and explosion risk; flammable limits in air 3.8–15.4%. Irritant to eyes. Questionable carcinogen.
  • Health Hazard Vapor causes drunkenness, anesthesia, possible lung injury. Liquid may cause frostbite on eyes and skin.
  • Health Hazard Exposure to high levels of ethyl chloride cancause stupor, eye irritation, incoordination,abdominal cramps, anesthetic effects, cardiacarrest, and unconsciousness. No toxic effectswere noted at a concentration of 10,000 ppm.A 45-minute exposure to a 4% concentrationof ethyl chloride in air was lethal to guineapigs. A brief exposure for 5 to 10 minutes toa concentration of 10% of the gas was notfatal to the test animals but caused kidneyand liver damage. In humans narcotic effectsmay occur after a few inhalations of 5–10%concentrations of the gas. Irritant effectson the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract aremild. Skin contact with the liquid can causefrostbite due to cooling by rapid evaporation.
    LC50 value, inhalation (rats): 60,000 ppm/2 hr.
  • Chemische Reaktivität Reactivity with Water: No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reaction; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.
  • Sicherheitsprofil Suspected carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic and neoplastigenic data. Mildly toxic by inhalation. An irritant to sh, eyes, and mucous membranes. The liquid is harmful to the eyes and can cause some irritation. In the case of guinea pigs, the symptoms attending exposure are similar to those caused by methyl chloride, except that the signs of lung irritation are not as pronounced. It gives some warning of its presence because it is irritating, but it is possible to tolerate exposure to it until one becomes unconscious. It is the least toxic of all the chlorinated hydrocarbons. It can cause narcosis, although the effects are usually transient. A very dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame; can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. Severe explosion hazard when exposed to flame. Reacts with water or steam to produce toxic and corrosive fumes. Incompatible with potassium. To fight fire, use carbon dioxide. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of phosgene and Cl-. See also CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS, ALIPHATIC.
  • mögliche Exposition Ethyl chloride is used as an ethylating agent in the manufacture of tetraethyl lead, dyes, drugs, and ethyl cellulose; as a pharmaceutical, solvent; alkylating agent; as a refrigerant and as a local anesthetic (freezing).
  • Environmental Fate Photolytic. The rate constant for the reaction of chloroethane and OH radicals in the atmosphere at 300 K is 2.3 x 10-11 cm3/molecule?sec (Hendry and Kenley, 1979). At 296 K, a photooxidation rate constant of 3.9 x 10-13 cm3/molecule?sec was reported (Howard and Evenson, 1976). The estimated tropospheric lifetime is 14.6 d (Nimitz and Skaggs, 1992).
    Chemical/Physical. Under laboratory conditions, chloroethane hydrolyzed to ethanol (Smith and Dragun, 1984). An estimated hydrolysis half-life in water at 25 °C and pH 7 is 38 d, with ethanol and HCl being the expected end-products (Mabey and Mill, 1978). Based on a measured hydrolysis rate constant of 5.1 x 10-7 at 25 °C and pH 7, the half-life is 2.6 yr (Jeffers and Wolfe, 1996).
    In air, formyl chloride is the initial photooxidation product (U.S. EPA, 1985). In the presence of water, formyl chloride hydrolyzes to HCl and carbon monoxide (Morrison and Boyd, 1971).
    Burns with a smoky, greenish flame releasing hydrogen chloride (Windholz et al., 1983).
    In the laboratory, the evaporation half-life of chloroethane (1 mg/L) from water at 25 °C using a shallow-pitch propeller stirrer at 200 rpm at an average depth of 6.5 cm was 23.1 min (Dilling, 1977).
    At influent concentrations of 1.0, 0.1, and 0.01 mg/L, the GAC adsorption capacities at pH 5.3 were 0.59, 0.07, and 0.007 mg/g, respectively (Dobbs and Cohen, 1980).
  • Solubility in water Soluble in ethanol, ether (U.S. EPA, 1985); miscible with chlorinated hydrocarbons such as chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, and tetrachloroethane.
  • Versand/Shipping UN1037 Ethyl chloride, Hazard Class: 2.1; Labels: 2.1-Flammable gas. Cylinders must be transported in a secure upright position, in a well-ventilated truck. Protect cylinder and labels from physical damage. The owner of the compressed gas cylinder is the only entity allowed by federal law (49CFR) to transport and refill them. It is a violation of transportation regulations to refill compressed gas cylinders without the express written permission of the owner.
  • läuterung methode Pass ethyl chloride through absorption towers containing, successively, conc H2SO4, NaOH pellets, P2O5 on glass wool, or soda-lime, CaCl2, P2O5. Condensed it into a flask containing CaH2 and fractionally distil it. It has also been purified by illumination in the presence of bromine at 0o using a 1000W lamp, followed by washing, drying and distilling. [Beilstein 1 IV 124.]
  • Inkompatibilitäten Flammable gas. Slow reaction with water; forms hydrogen chloride gas. Contact with moisture (water, steam) forms hydrochloric acid and/or fumes of hydrogen chloride. May accumulate static electrical charges, and may cause ignition of its vapors. May form explosive mixture with air. Contact with chemically active metals: aluminum, lithium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, zinc may cause fire and explosions. Attacks some plastics and rubber.
  • Waste disposal Return refillable compressed gas cylinders to supplier. Incineration, preferably after mixing with another combustible fuel. Care must be exercised to assure complete combustion to prevent the formation of phosgene. An acid scrubber is necessary to remove the halo acids produced.
CHLOROETHANE Upstream-Materialien And Downstream Produkte
Upstream-Materialien
Downstream Produkte
Chlorethan Anbieter Lieferant Produzent Hersteller Vertrieb Händler.
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75-00-3, CHLOROETHANE Verwandte Suche:
  • chloroethane solution
  • ETHYLCHLORIDE,USP
  • Chloroethane (Freon #160)
  • Chloroethane (in cylinder without valve)
  • Chloroethane (in cylinder without valve) [To use this product charged in cylinder, a valve is required which is sold separately (Product Code:V0030)]
  • Chloroethane solution,Ethyl chloride
  • HLOROETHANE
  • Chloroethane (ca. 15% in Tetrahydrofuran, ca. 2.0mol/L)
  • Chloroethane (ca. 17% in Ethyl Ether, ca. 2.0mol/L)
  • Chloroethane solution 2.0 M in tert-butyl methyl ether, anhydrous
  • Chloroethane:Ethyl chloride
  • chloro-ethan
  • Chlorure D'ethyle
  • chlorured’ethyle
  • chlorured’ethyle(french)
  • Chloryl
  • Chloryl anesthetic
  • chlorylanesthetic
  • Chloryle anesthetic
  • Cloretilo
  • Cloroetano
  • Cloruro di etile
  • clorurodietile
  • Dublofix
  • Ethane, chloro-
  • ethane,chloro
  • Ethane,chloro-
  • Ether chloratus
  • Ether hydrochloric
  • Ether muriatic
  • etherchloratus
  • etherchloridum
  • etherhydrochloric
  • ethermuriatic
  • Ethylchlorid
  • ethylchloride(chloroethane)
  • Etylu chlorek
  • etyluchlorek
  • etyluchlorek(polish)
  • F160
  • freon160
  • Hydrochloric ether
  • hydrochloricether
  • Kelene
  • Monochlorethane
  • Monochloroethane
  • Muriatic ether
  • CHLOROETHANE, PRESSURE TIN WITH 100 ML
  • CHLOROETHANE, ANHYDROUS, 2.0M SOLUTION I N DIETHYL ETHER
  • CHLOROETHANE, 1X1ML, MEOH, 200UG/ML
  • 1-Chloroethane
  • Aethylchlorid
  • aethylchloride
  • Aethylis
  • Aethylis chloridum
  • Aethylisaethylis chloridum
  • aethylischloridum
  • ai3-24474