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Name Xylitol
CAS 87-99-0
EINECS(EC#) 201-788-0
Molecular Formula C5H12O5
MDL Number MFCD00064292
Molecular Weight 152.15
MOL File 87-99-0.mol

Chemical Properties

Appearance white crystalline powder
Melting point  94-97 °C (lit.)
Boiling point  215~217℃
density  1.515
vapor pressure  0.329Pa
refractive index  1.3920 (estimate)
storage temp.  2-8°C
solubility  H2O: 0.1 g/mL, clear, colorless
form  Crystalline Powder
pka 13.24±0.20(Predicted)
color  White
Water Solubility  SOLUBLE
Sensitive  Hygroscopic
Merck  14,10085
BRN  1720523
Xylitol is a polyhydric alcohol that is a natural sugar substitute com- mercially made from xylan-containing plants (birch) hydrolyzed to xylose. it is as sweet as sucrose, dissolves quickly, and has a negative heat of solution which results in a cooling effect. it has 24 kcal/g. it is used in chewing gum, throat lozenges, and chocolate.
CAS DataBase Reference 87-99-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference Xylitol(87-99-0)
EPA Substance Registry System 87-99-0(EPA Substance)

Safety Data

Hazard Codes  Xi
Risk Statements 
R36/37/38:Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin .
Safety Statements 
S24/25:Avoid contact with skin and eyes .
S36:Wear suitable protective clothing .
S26:In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice .
WGK Germany  2
RTECS  ZF0800000
HS Code  29054900
Safety Profile
Very low toxicity by ingestion. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes. A sugar.
Hazardous Substances Data 87-99-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
LD50 orally in mice: approx 22 g/kg (Salminen)

Hazard Information

Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)

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