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7775-27-1

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Identification

Name
Sodium persulfate
CAS
7775-27-1
Synonyms
DI-SODIUM PEROXODISULPHATE
SODIUM PEROXODISULFATE
SODIUM PEROXYDISULFATE
SODIUM PERSULFATE
SODIUM PERSULPHATE
peroxydisulfuricacid([(ho)s(o)2]2o2),disodiumsalt
Peroxydisulfuricacid,disodiumsalt
persulfatedesodium
Sodium Persulfate Sodium peroxydisulfate
SODIUM PERSULFATE, 98+%
SODIUM PERSULFATE REAGENT GRADE >=98%
SODIUM PERSULFATE SIGMAULTRA
SodiumPersulphate99%Min
SodiumPersulphate,>98%
SodiumPersulphateGr
Sodium Persulphate 99%Min, Cas
Sodiumperoxydisulfate,98%
SODIUMPERSULFATE,REAGENT
PERSULPHATES
Natriumperoxodisulfat
EINECS(EC#)
231-892-1
Molecular Formula
Na2O8S2
MDL Number
MFCD00003501
Molecular Weight
238.1
MOL File
7775-27-1.mol

Chemical Properties

Appearance
white crystalline powder
mp 
100 °C
density 
2,4 g/cm3
solubility 
H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless

Stability:
Stability Unstable. Strong oxidizer. Contact with combustible material may cause fire. Incompatible with combustible material, strong reducing agents, strong bases, alcohols, aluminium, magnesium. Protect from moisture.
Water Solubility 
550 g/L (20 ºC)
Merck 
14,8656
CAS DataBase Reference
7775-27-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
7775-27-1(EPA Substance)

Safety Data

Hazard Codes 
O,Xn
Risk Statements 
R8:Contact with combustible material may cause fire.
R22:Harmful if swallowed.
R42/43:May cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact .
R36/37/38:Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin .
Safety Statements 
S22:Do not breathe dust .
S36/37:Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves .
S45:In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show label where possible) .
S36/37/39:Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection .
S26:In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice .
S17:Keep away from combustible material .
RIDADR 
UN 1505 5.1/PG 3

WGK Germany 
1

RTECS 
SE0525000

HazardClass 
5.1
PackingGroup 
III
HS Code 
28334000
Safety Profile
Poison by intraperitoneal and intravenous routes. A powerful oxidizer; can cause fires. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of SOx and Na2O. See also SULFATES.

Raw materials And Preparation Products

Hazard Information

General Description
A white crystalline solid. Very irritating to skin and eyes. May be toxic by skin absorption. Used as a bleaching agent.
Reactivity Profile
SODIUM PERSULFATE(7775-27-1) is a strong oxidizing agent. Reacts with many combustible materials and reducing agents, often vigorously enough to start fires or cause explosions [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980 p. 855]. Decomposes gradually under ordinary conditions decomposition is promoted by moisture and heat [Merck]. Decomposed by alcohol and silver ions [Merck].
Air & Water Reactions
Water soluble. Decomposes slowly in moist air.
Hazard
By ingestion, strong irritant to tissue.
Health Hazard
Inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
Fire Hazard
These substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire. Some may decompose explosively when heated or involved in a fire. May explode from heat or contamination. Some will react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.

Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)

Questions And Answer

Physical and Chemical Properties
Sodium persulfate, also known as sodium peroxydisulfate is a white crystal or crystalline powder, odorless, tasteless. Formula is Na2S2O8, relative molecular mass is 238.13. Gradual decomposition at room temperature, heating or rapidly decompose in ethanol, decomposition to release oxygen and produce sodium pyrosulfate. Moisture and platinum black, silver, lead, iron, copper, magnesium, nickel, manganese and other metal ions or their alloys can promote the decomposition, it decomposes rapidly and emit hydrogen peroxide at high temperature (about 200 ℃). It is soluble in water (70.4 when 20 ℃).
Sodium persulfate
Sodium persulfate has strong oxidizing. There is a strong irritation to the skin, prolonged contacting with the skin can cause allergies, should pay attention to it when operation. Rat oral LD50 is 895mg/kg. It should be Sealed storage. heat the ammonium persulfate and sodium hydroxide or sodium carbonate solution to remove carbon dioxide and ammonia to obtain sodium persulfate in the Laboratory.
Strong oxidants
With strong oxidizing, Sodium persulfate can be used as an g agent, which can oxidize Cr3 +, Mn2 + and so on to the corresponding compound of high oxidation state, when there is the presence of Ag +, which can promote the oxidation reaction. Due to its oxidizing properties, it can be used as a bleaching agent, metal surface treatment agent, chemical reagents, pharmaceutical raw materials, accelerator and initiator of battery and emulsion polymerization.
Uses
Sodium persulfate is used as a bleach, both standalone (particularly in hair cosmetics) and as a detergent component. It is a replacement for ammonium persulfate in etching mixtures for zinc and printed circuit boards, and is used for pickling of copper and some other metals. It is a source of free radicals, making it useful as an initiator for e.g. emulsion polymerization reactions and for accelerated curing of low formaldehyde adhesives. Sodium persulfate is also used as a soil conditioner and in manufacture of dyestuffs, modification of starch, bleach activator, desizing agent for oxidative desizing, etc.
For waste processing in the photographic industry, used as a soft metal surface corrosion agents of the printed circuit board and textile desizing agents, sulfur dyes colorformer.
Preparation method
1. The electrolytic oxidation of the aqueous solution of ammonium sulfate is to obtain ammonium persulfate, and then metathesis reaction with sodium hydroxide, after the expulsion of the ammonia by-product, and then concentrated under reduced pressure, crystallization, drying, to obtain sodium sulfate.
(NH4) 2S2O8 + 2NaOH → Na2S2O8 + 2NH3 + 2H2O.
2. Dithionic acid can be prepared by electrolysis of cold sulfuric acid won, which reacts with alkali and then obtain sodium sulfate.
2HSO4--2e → H2S2O8
H2S2O8 + 2NaOH → Na2S2O8 + 2H2O.
storage
Sodium persulfate is a strong oxidizer and a severe irritant of skin, eyes, and respiratory system. It is almost non-hygroscopic and has particularly good ability to be stored for long time. It is easy and safe to handle. It is not combustible, but releases oxygen easily and assists combustion of other materials.
Conditions/ substances to avoid mixing persulfates with are: moisture, heat, flame, ignition sources, shock, friction, reducing agents, organic material, sodium peroxide, aluminum and powdered metals.

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