A major bioactive component of panax ginseng that promotes neurotransmitter release by modulating phosphorylation of synapsins through a cAMP-dependent protein kinase pathway. It has been reported to display immunostimulatory and anticancer effects.
Reference standard in the analysis of herbal medicinal products.
ChEBI: Ginsenoside Rb1 is a ginsenoside found in Panax ginseng and Panax japonicus var. major that is ginsenoside Rd in which the beta-D-glucopyranoside group at position 20 is replaced by a beta-D-glucopyranosyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside group. It has a role as a neuroprotective agent, an anti-obesity agent, an anti-inflammatory drug, an apoptosis inhibitor, a radical scavenger and a plant metabolite. It is a ginsenoside, a glycoside and a tetracyclic triterpenoid. It is functionally related to a ginsenoside Rd.
Ginsenoside Rb1 (41753-43-9) is a protopanaxadiol that has diverse in vitro and in vivo effects, including neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory, and anti-obesity actions. Ginsenoside Rb1, a main constituent of the root of Panax ginseng, inhibits Na+, K+-ATPase activity with IC50 of 6.3±1.0 μM. Ginsenoside also inhibits IRAK-1 activation and phosphorylation of NF-κB p65. Ginsenoside Rb1 reduces the expressions of TLR3, TLR4 and TRAF-6, and down-regulates the levels of TNF-α, IFN-β and iNOS.
Triterpene saponin found in ginseng.
Poison by intravenous route. Moderately toxic by intraperitoneal route. Mutation data reported. Whenheated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.
p38MAPK | JNK | GLUT | Akt | IFN-γ | IL Receptor | GSK-3 | HO-1 | PKA | Estrogen receptor | Progestogen receptor