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151096-09-2

Supplier Related Products Identification Chemical Properties Safety Data Raw materials And Preparation Products Questions And Answer

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Identification

Name
Moxifloxacin
CAS
151096-09-2
Synonyms
MOXIFLOXACIN
(1'S,6'S)-1-Cyclopropyl-7-(2,8-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-8-yl)-6-fluoro-8-methoxy-4-oxo-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid
MAXIOFFOXACIN
(4αS-cis)-1-Cydopropyl-6-fluoro-1,4-dihydro-8-methoxy-7-(octahydro-6H-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyridin-6-y1)-4-oxo-3-quinolinecarboxylic acid
Avdox
Molecular Formula
C21H24FN3O4
MDL Number
MFCD04117996
Molecular Weight
401.43
MOL File
151096-09-2.mol

Chemical Properties

mp 
203-208 C
CAS DataBase Reference
151096-09-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
151096-09-2(EPA Substance)

Safety Data

Hazard Codes 
Xn
Risk Statements 
R22:Harmful if swallowed.
R40:Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect.
Safety Statements 
S36/37:Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves .

Raw materials And Preparation Products

Questions And Answer

Description
Moxifloxacin is a fourth-generation synthetic fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent developed by Bayer AG (initially called BAY 12-8039), used to treat a number of infections, including: respiratory tract infections, cellulitis, anthrax, intraabdominal infections, endocarditis, meningitis, and tuberculosis. It is marketed worldwide (as the hydrochloride) under the brand names Avelox, Avalox, and Avelon for oral treatment. In most countries, the drug is also available in parenteral form for intravenous infusion.
In the United States, moxifloxacin is licensed for the treatment of acute bacterial sinusitis, acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, community acquired pneumonia, complicated and uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections, and complicated intra-abdominal infections.[5] In the European Union, it is licensed for acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis, non-severe community-acquired pneumonia, and acute bacterial sinusitis.
Brand Name(s) in US
Avelox
Quinolones
Moxifloxacin and levofloxacin, gatifloxacin, gemifloxacin are quinolone antibacterial drugs newly developed in recent years. The position of C-7 ring structure of the nitrogen enhances antibacterial effect of gram positive bacteria, and methoxy strengthens the role of anaerobic bacteria. Such new varieties significantly increased excellent antibacterial activity against Streptococcus pneumoniae and other respiratory tract infections common pathogens antibacterial activity. Penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhal and Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae Atypical pathogens, also known as "quinolones breathing". Moxifloxacin has bactericidal effect by interfering Ⅱ, Ⅳ topoisomerase. It also has strong antibacterial effect on gram-positive bacteria, Gram-negative bacteria, anaerobic bacteria, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae and Legionella bacteria. It has no cross-resistance situation between penicillins, cephalosporins, glycopeptides, macrolides, tetracyclines and other antibiotics. Bactericidal activity of moxifloxacin is similar with isoniazid, and is better than levofloxacin to rapid growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, as well as it is slightly lower than levofloxacin to quiescent Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is for the treatment of acute bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations, community acquired pneumonia and bronchiectasis. General oral 400mg/times, 1 times/d; the course is 5 to 7 days. Adverse reactions are nausea, upset stomach and abdominal pain. The quinolones allergies, pregnant women, breastfeeding women and children should not use it.
Mechanism of action
Moxifloxacin mechanism is mainly inhibition of bacterial DNA synthesis, since rapid bactericidal effect, which can act on bacterial DNA gyrase and topoisomerase Ⅳ, resulting in breakage enzyme-DNA complex. DNA gyrase, also known as topoisomerase Ⅱ, composed of the gyrA, gyrB subunit. DNA gyrase and topoisomerase Ⅰ common regulate DNA replication. Throughout the replication process, DNA gyrase mainly have the effect of the maintenance of DNA coiled modest role. Topoisomerase Ⅳ is composed of the parC and parE subunits. Its structure and DNA gyrase have similarities, which parC and gyrA, parE and gyrB have some homology. Topoisomerase Ⅳ can copy the complete distribution of progeny DNA to progeny cells, together with DNA gyrase to complete bacterial DNA replication. Moxifloxacin enzyme-DNA complexes can be stable in the DNA chain cut off state, terminating the DNA replication, resulting in a cytotoxic effect. Moxifloxacin on site is the main function of most gram-negative bacteria DNA gyrase, and effect on gram-positive bacteria loci with topoisomerase Ⅳ primarily.
Preparation
1-cyclopropyl-6, 7-difluoro-1, 4-dihydro-8-methoxy-4-oxo-3-quinolinecarboxylic acid was dissolved in acetonitrile and dimethylformamide, and then added 1,4-diazabicyclo [2.2.2] octane and the (+)-[S, S]-2,8-diazabicyclo [4.3.0] nonane, refluxed for 1h. Cooling, precipitate was obtained by filtering, and washed with water. Stirring together with water for a moment, filtered and dried. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography, dichloromethane/methanol/17% aqueous ammonia = 30: 8: 1 start, and moxifloxacin was obtained, melting point 203~208 ℃.
Adverse effects
  • Moxifloxacin is associated with an increased risk of tendon problems. These include pain, swelling, inflammation, and possible breakage of tendons. Moxifloxacin may worsen muscle weakness and breathing problems in patients with myasthenia gravis. Do not use moxifloxacin if you have a history of myasthenia gravis.
  • Rare but serious adverse effects that may occur as a result of moxifloxacin therapy include irreversible peripheral neuropathy, spontaneous tendon rupture and tendonitis, hepatitis, psychiatric effects (hallucinations, depression), torsades de pointes, Stevens-Johnson syndrome and Clostridium difficile-associated disease, and photosensitivity/phototoxicity reactions.

References
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moxifloxacin
https://www.drugs.com/cdi/moxifloxacin.html
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