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110-94-1

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Identification

Name
1,5-Pentanedioic acid
CAS
110-94-1
Synonyms
1,3-PROPANEDICARBOXYLIC ACID
1,5-PENTADIOIC ACID
1,5-PENTANEDIOIC ACID
DICARBOXYLIC ACID C5
GLUTARIC ACID
GLUTARIC ACID AND ANHYDRIDE
N-PYROTARTARIC ACID
Pentandioic acid
PENTANEDIOIC ACID
PROPANE-1,3-DICARBOXYLIC ACID
RARECHEM AL BO 0175
a,-Propanedicarboxylicacid
glutaric
Glutarsaure
Glutaric acid,(Pentanedioic acid
propane-1,3-dica
Glutaric Acid, Reagent
Propane-1,5-dicarboxylic acid
Pentanedioic acid,Glutaric acid
Glutarsure
EINECS(EC#)
203-817-2
Molecular Formula
C5H8O4
MDL Number
MFCD00004410
Molecular Weight
132.11
MOL File
110-94-1.mol

Chemical Properties

Appearance
white or off-white crystals
mp 
95-98 °C(lit.)

bp 
302 °C
density 
1,429 g/cm3
Fp 
200°C/20mm
storage temp. 
2-8°C
Stability:
Stable. Incompatible with bases, oxidizing agents, reducing agents.
Water Solubility 
430 g/L (20 ºC)
Merck 
14,4473
BRN 
1209725
CAS DataBase Reference
110-94-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Pentanedioic acid(110-94-1)
EPA Substance Registry System
110-94-1(EPA Substance)

Safety Data

Hazard Codes 
Xi
Risk Statements 
R36:Irritating to the eyes.
R36/37/38:Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin .
Safety Statements 
S26:In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice .
S37/39:Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection .
S36:Wear suitable protective clothing .
WGK Germany 
1

RTECS 
MA3740000

HS Code 
29171990
Hazardous Substances Data
110-94-1(Hazardous Substances Data)

Raw materials And Preparation Products

Hazard Information

General Description
Colorless crystals or white solid.
Reactivity Profile
GLUTARIC ACID(110-94-1) is a carboxylic acid. Carboxylic acids donate hydrogen ions if a base is present to accept them. They react in this way with all bases, both organic (for example, the amines) and inorganic. Their reactions with bases, called "neutralizations", are accompanied by the evolution of substantial amounts of heat. Neutralization between an acid and a base produces water plus a salt. Carboxylic acids with six or fewer carbon atoms are freely or moderately soluble in water; those with more than six carbons are slightly soluble in water. Soluble carboxylic acid dissociate to an extent in water to yield hydrogen ions. The pH of solutions of carboxylic acids is therefore less than 7.0. Many insoluble carboxylic acids react rapidly with aqueous solutions containing a chemical base and dissolve as the neutralization generates a soluble salt. Carboxylic acids in aqueous solution and liquid or molten carboxylic acids can react with active metals to form gaseous hydrogen and a metal salt. Such reactions occur in principle for solid carboxylic acids as well, but are slow if the solid acid remains dry. Even "insoluble" carboxylic acids may absorb enough water from the air and dissolve sufficiently in GLUTARIC ACID(110-94-1) to corrode or dissolve iron, steel, and aluminum parts and containers. Carboxylic acids, like other acids, react with cyanide salts to generate gaseous hydrogen cyanide. The reaction is slower for dry, solid carboxylic acids. Insoluble carboxylic acids react with solutions of cyanides to cause the release of gaseous hydrogen cyanide. Flammable and/or toxic gases and heat are generated by the reaction of carboxylic acids with diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, and sulfides. Carboxylic acids, especially in aqueous solution, also react with sulfites, nitrites, thiosulfates (to give H2S and SO3), dithionites (SO2), to generate flammable and/or toxic gases and heat. Their reaction with carbonates and bicarbonates generates a harmless gas (carbon dioxide) but still heat. Like other organic compounds, carboxylic acids can be oxidized by strong oxidizing agents and reduced by strong reducing agents. These reactions generate heat. A wide variety of products is possible. Like other acids, carboxylic acids may initiate polymerization reactions; like other acids, they often catalyze (increase the rate of) chemical reactions This compound reacts with bases, oxidizing agents and reducing agents.
Air & Water Reactions
Water soluble.
Fire Hazard
Flash point data for this chemical are not available; however, GLUTARIC ACID is probably combustible.

Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)

Spectrum Detail

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