Supplier Related Products Identification Chemical Properties Safety Data Raw materials And Preparation Products Hazard Information Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS) Questions And Answer Spectrum Detail Well-known Reagent Company Product Information
ChemicalBook >  CAS DataBase List  > 108-48-5

108-48-5

Supplier Related Products Identification Chemical Properties Safety Data Raw materials And Preparation Products Hazard Information Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS) Questions And Answer Spectrum Detail Well-known Reagent Company Product Information

Product Image

Identification

Name
2,6-Lutidine
CAS
108-48-5
Synonyms
2,6-DIMETHYLPYRIDINE
26L
2,6-LUTIDINE
DIMETHYLPYRIDINE(2,6-)
FEMA 3540
FEMA NUMBER 3540
2,6-dimethyl-pyridin
2,6-Dimethypyridine
2,6-Lutidene
alpha,alpha’-dimethylpyridine
alpha,alpha’-lutidin
alpha,alpha’-lutidine
alpha,alpha'-Dimethylpyridine
alpha,alpha'-Lutidin
alpha,alpha'-Lutidine
Pyridine,2,6-dimethyl-
2,6-Lutidine 2,6-Dimethylpyridine
2 6-DIMETHYLPYRIDINE 99+%
2,6-LUTIDINE, REDISTILLED, 99+%
2 6-LUTIDINE REAGENTPLUS(TM) 99%
EINECS(EC#)
203-587-3
Molecular Formula
C7H9N
MDL Number
MFCD00006345
Molecular Weight
107.15
MOL File
108-48-5.mol

Chemical Properties

Appearance
Colorless to yellow liquid
mp 
-6 °C
Melting point 
-6 °C (lit.)
Boiling point 
143-145 °C (lit.)
bp 
143-145 °C(lit.)

density 
0.92 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)

vapor pressure 
5.5 hPa (20 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.497(lit.)

FEMA 
3540
Fp 
92 °F

storage temp. 
−20°C

pka
6.65(at 25℃)
form 
Liquid
color 
Clear
Stability:
Stable. Flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, acid chlorides, acids, chloroformates. Protect from moisture.
Water Solubility 
40 g/100 mL (20 ºC)
Sensitive 
Hygroscopic
Detection Methods
GC,NMR
JECFA Number
1317
Merck 
14,5616
BRN 
105690
CAS DataBase Reference
108-48-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Pyridine, 2,6-dimethyl-(108-48-5)
EPA Substance Registry System
108-48-5(EPA Substance)

Safety Data

Hazard Codes 
Xn,F,Xi
Risk Statements 
R10:Flammable.
R22:Harmful if swallowed.
R36/37/38:Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin .
R20/21/22:Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed .
Safety Statements 
S26:In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice .
S36/37:Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves .
S16:Keep away from sources of ignition-No smoking .
S36:Wear suitable protective clothing .
S36/37/39:Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection .
RIDADR 
UN 1993 3/PG 3

WGK Germany 
3

RTECS 
OK9700000


8
Hazard Note 
Irritant/Flammable
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
3
PackingGroup 
III
HS Code 
29333999
Hazardous Substances Data
108-48-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 orally in Rabbit: 400 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit > 1000 mg/kg

Raw materials And Preparation Products

Hazard Information

General Description
A colorless liquid with a peppermint odor. Flash point 92°F. Less dense than water. Vapors heavier than air. Produces toxic oxides of nitrogen during combustion. Used to make other chemicals.
Reactivity Profile
LUTIDENE(108-48-5) neutralizes acids in exothermic reactions to form salts plus water. May be incompatible with isocyanates, halogenated organics, peroxides, phenols (acidic), epoxides, anhydrides, and acid halides. Flammable gaseous hydrogen may be generated in combination with strong reducing agents, such as hydrides.
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Soluble in water.
Health Hazard
Inhalation or contact with material may irritate or burn skin and eyes. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
Occurrence
Reported found in bread, tea, peppermint oil, cheeses, chicken, beef, pork, beer, sherry, whiskies, cocoa, coffee, tea, oatmeal, rice bran, buckwheat and malt.
Uses
Isolated from the basic fraction of coal tar. A semi-volatile compound in tobacco.
Definition
ChEBI: A member of the class of methylpyridines that is pyridine carrying methyl substituents at positions 2 and 6.
Taste threshold values
Taste characteristics at 20 ppm: nutty, coffee, cocoa, musty, bready and meaty
Synthesis Reference(s)
Organic Syntheses, Coll. Vol. 2, p. 214, 1943
Tetrahedron Letters, 17, p. 383, 1976 DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(00)93738-9
Chemical Synthesis
Synthesis from ethyl acetoacetate, formaldehyde and ammonia; isolated from basic fraction of coal tar
Purification Methods
Likely contaminants include 3-and 4-picoline (similar boiling points). However, they are removed by using BF3, with which they react preferentially, by adding 4mL of BF3 to 100mL of dry fractionally distilled 2,6-lutidine and redistilling. Distillation of commercial material from AlCl3 (14g per 100mL) can also be used to remove picolines (and water). Alternatively, lutidine (100mL) can be refluxed with ethyl benzenesulfonate (20g) or ethyl p-toluenesulfonate (20g) for 1hour, then the upper layer is cooled, separated and distilled. The distillate is refluxed with BaO or CaH2, then fractionally distilled through a glass helices-packed column. 2,6-Lutidine can be dried with KOH or sodium or by refluxing with (and distilling from) BaO, prior to distillation. For purification via its picrate, 2,6-lutidine, dissolved in absolute EtOH, is treated with an excess of warm ethanolic picric acid. The precipitate is filtered off, recrystallised from acetone (to give m 163-164.5o (166-167o), and partitioned between ammonia and CHCl3/diethyl ether. The organic layer, after washing with dilute aqueous KOH, is dried with Na2SO4 and fractionally distilled. [Warnhoff J Org Chem 27 4587 1962.] Alternatively, 2,6-lutidine can be purified via its urea complex, as described under 2,3-lutidine. Other purification procedures include azeotropic distillation with phenol [Coulson et al. J Appl Chem (London) 2 71 1952], fractional crystallisation by partial freezing, and vapour-phase chromatography using a 180-cm column of polyethylene glycol-400 (Shell, 5%) on Embacel (May and Baker) at 100o, with argon as carrier gas [Bamford & Block J Chem Soc 4989 1961]. The hydrochloride has m 235-237o, 239o (from EtOH). [Beilstein 20 II 160, 20 III/IV 2776, 20/6 V 32.]

Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)

Questions And Answer

Chemical Properties
Colorless oily liquid, melting point-5.8℃, boiling point 144℃(139-141℃,145.6-145.8℃), density 0.9252(20/4℃), refractive index 1.4977, flash point 33℃, soluble in dimethyl formamide, tetrahydrofuran, cold water, hot water, ethanol and ether, with mixed odor of Pyridine and mint.
Usage
2,6-Lutidine is widely used in organic synthesis as a raw material and solvent. In Pharmaceutical industry, it can be used for the production of antiatherosclerotic pyridinolcarbamate. It can also be used for the production of Cortisone acetate, hydrocortisone, niacin, lobeline and stilbazium iodide which is an anthelmintic and effective for the worm, fasciolopsis buski, whipworm, pinworm and so on. In addition, 2,6-Lutidine can be used as an auxiliaries for Pesticides, dyes, dyeing and printing and used as resin and rubber accelerator,  intermediate of hot oil stabilizer.  It  can be oxidized to produce Dimethyl pyridine acid, which can be used as the stabilizer for hydrogen peroxide and acetic acid and used to synthesize lobelidine. 2,6-Lutidine is used as various kinds of nutty essence and cocoa, coffee, meat, bread and vegetable typed essence. It is also used to synthesize drugs for the treatment and first-aid of hypertension.
Preparation
2,6-Lutidine is obtained through the separation of β-methylpyridine which is a recycled product of coal coking byproduct.
Category
flammable liquid
Toxicity grade
high toxic
Acute toxicity
oral – rat LD50: 400mg/kg
Flammability hazard characteristics
flammable in case of fire, high temperature and oxidant, releasing toxic nitrogen oxides in case of heat.
Storage
Ventilated and dry warehouse with low temperature, separated from acids.
Fire extinguishing agents
Dry powder, dry sand, carbon dioxide, foam.

Spectrum Detail

Well-known Reagent Company Product Information

SupplierMore